gravity-fed drip irrigation with battery-powered timers.
No electricity used at all to irrigate the vineyards.
Crimson clover, annual rye grass and barley grown as cover
Compost and wood ashes used
Soil Erosion- No-till agriculture practiced
Shoot Position Trellis System
( ideal for Cabernet Sauvignon)
loam soil, 3 to 6 feet deep over fractured sandstone
Mountain vineyard: Elevation
1250' to 1600'